source : slideplayer.com
1) Those compounds in which an alkyl group is attached to the carbon of -CN group are called Alkyl cyanides.
2) Their formula is R-CN .
3) Their suffix is nitrile.
4) The IUPAC name is written as Alkane + nitrile = Alkane nitrile
when two -CN (cyanide) groups are present in the compound then the suffix used is dinitrile.
Alkyl isocyanide –
1) Those compounds in which an alkyl group is attached to the nitrogen of -CN group are called alkyl isocyanide.
2) Their formula is R-NC
3) Their suffix is isonitrile.
4) The IUPAC name is written as Alkyl isonitrile
Alkyl Amine –
source : Chemistry – Tutor Circle
The alkyl derivatives of ammonia are called alkyl amine. Amines are of three types
a) Primary amine
b) Secondary amine
c) Tertiary amine
3) The suffix used for primary amine is ‘amine’.
4) The IUPAC name is written as Alkane – e + amine = Alkanamine.